Cartilage damage (chondral lesions) is increasingly occurring in younger people. One reason for this is ankle joint injuries caused by sprains (distortion), the most common injuries of the lower extremities, and which may lead to ligament injuries and cartilage lesions. Around 50% of patients suffering from fractures of the ankle joint or ligament injuries show damage to cartilage and/or adjacent bone as a consequence.
Repeated injury, chronic tendon instability, and accompanying effects: their causes are as diverse as the problems generated by cartilage damage. In many cases, cartilage or cartilage-bone injuries don't spontaneously recover and, if not diagnosed and treated in time, can lead to ankle joint arthritis.
Cartilage-bone damage (osteochondral lesion) is also known as osteochondritis dissecans (OD). What causes OD is sometimes difficult to identify, though circulatory disorders in adjacent sections of bone are possible causal factors, as well as repeated small injuries and malposition.
Modern, precise diagnostic techniques with MRT and/or CT allow for early diagnosis and respective treatment.
Where they meet in a joint, human bones are covered in a layer of cartilage, which consists of smooth, firm and elastic tissue, ensuring (in combination with synovial fluid) optimal movement. Additionally, cartilage serves as a buffer, protecting joints and bones during strong movements.
Damage to cartilage and the underlying supporting bone (subchondral zone) can occur for different reasons:
Treatment options for cartilage damage depend on the extent and causes of the injury, which is why proper diagnosis is an essential part of the treatment plan.
Cartilage damage (chondral lesions)
Bone-cartilage damage (osteochondral lesions)
For treating cartilage-bone-damage, you can place your trust in the thorough expertise of the capable team at Foot & Ankle Center Berlin. We provide you with an individualized plan of therapy, not only to directly treat the cartilage damage but also to permanently correct the causes of the impairment.
Get in contact with us today to book your examination and consultation appointment.